Prevention and early detection are essential in the fight against cancer. Therefore, in the event of any symptom that seems abnormal or causes us concern, we must go to a specialist to evaluate it.

Symptoms of cancer

Knowing the possible symptoms of cancer that may occur is essential to go to the doctor for a check-up. It should be noted that one should not feel fear because some of those that we are going to mention occur sporadically, but when they occur frequently together with other discomforts, and prevent normal life.

One of the main ways to fight cancer is to find it early . Sometimes, because we are very busy, we forget to have our annual medical check-ups and let weeks go by before going to the consultation if we have any pain.

Cancer has early symptoms that many of us are unaware of. Therefore, it is important to know them (or review them, if we have forgotten them) to take them into account.

Possible symptoms of cancer (in men and women)

Although talking about cancer can cause some fear, being well informed about the subject is essential so that, in the event of noticing any change in the state of health, we go to the doctor and discuss our concerns.

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Weight loss

Another of the possible symptoms of cancer is sudden weight loss , for no apparent reason and without having made changes in diet or exercise habits, it may be associated with some type of cancer.

frequent cough

Frequent cough can not only be the product of an allergy or temperature change. It can also be caused by more serious diseases, such as cancer.

If you constantly have a cold, even if you don’t smoke, you should see a doctor. Cancer of the lung, throat, or larynx may be developing. Also pay attention to chest pain and symptoms similar to severe bronchitis (discomfort extends to the shoulders or under the arms).

frequent fever

Leukemia is a type of cancer that develops in the bone marrow and attacks blood cells. Diseased or abnormal white blood cells are produced and this affects the body’s ability to prevent or fight infection.

Joint pain

It is true that joints can become inflamed and painful due to sudden movement, excessive effort or poor posture, but it can also be a sign of something more serious such as bone cancer. If the joint pain does not subside, it may be time to see a doctor.

Bruises that do not heal, another of the possible symptoms of cancer
If we hit something or fall, it is normal to have bruises or bruises. The problem lies in their appearance for no apparent reason or in a very slow healing process (when they change color until they disappear).

This can be a sign of unhealthy platelets and red blood cells and even of leukemia which is not allowing the blood to carry oxygen or clot properly.

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Various skin changes

According to experts from the American Cancer Association, there are skin changes that can be a sign of several types of cancer (not just skin):

  • Itch.
  • Excessive hair growth.
  • Darkening (hyperpigmentation).
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice).

Changes in the male genital tract

If you notice a lump, swelling or pain (among other changes) in the testicles, you should see a doctor to determine the reason. Testicular cancer is one of the fastest growing cancers . According to doctors, men between the ages of 15 and 55 can do a self-exam at home to monitor changes.

In addition, we must not underestimate problems urinating : the need to go to the bathroom every so often, difficulty starting to urinate or a small amount of urine . This may be a symptom of prostate cancer, a disease that appears mainly in men over 50 years of age.

Possible symptoms of cancer in women

Let us now look at the possible symptoms of cancer in women. It should be noted that they are not the only ones that must be taken into account when discussing concerns with the doctor.

Abdominal distension
10% of the population suffer from swelling regularly, especially women. This common ailment is related to PMS , indigestion, or gas buildup.

But if the swelling lasts for more than two weeks (and pregnancy is ruled out) and is paired with weight loss or bleeding, this could be one of the symptoms of cancer. Therefore, it is advisable to consult a doctor to find out if it is ovarian cancer.

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bleeding between periods

During the menstrual cycle, a woman may experience some bleeding even when she is not menstruating. However, when this happens very often and several times in the same month, it may be due to a hormonal problem , stress , inflammation of the cervix or endometrial cancer.

breast changes

As with men, women can also examine their breasts when they take a bath or in front of the mirror. The appearance of lumps (which can extend to the armpits), suppuration from the nipple, changes in the skin or pain outside the menstrual period must be analyzed.

Concerns? Check with your doctor

Presenting one or more of these symptoms that we have mentioned does not have to imply that you necessarily suffer from cancer, therefore, if you have concerns about your health, consult your doctor. The professional will evaluate your case and tell you what may be happening.